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美國網民哀嘆:中美相爭,他國得利


U.S. tariffs on China may simply widen door to other countries
譯者:unknown     發布時間:2018-11-14     超過 0 位網友閱讀

最后,多虧了貿易戰,美國得到的只是更大的貿易赤字

原文地址:https://finance.yahoo.com


In attempting to punish China for its trade practices, President Donald Trump may open the door for other countries to grab U.S. market share, including Mexico and Japan, which he has also targeted with sharp trade rhetoric.

在試圖懲罰中國的貿易行為時,唐納德•特朗普總統可能會為其他國家搶占美國市場份額打開大門,其中包括墨西哥和日本,而這些國家特朗普也曾以尖銳的貿易言辭威脅過。

中美相爭,他國得利

According to detailed U.S. import data those nations are among the top alternate suppliers of some 1,300 product lines due to be hit with a 25 percent tariff if they are imported from China, and the possible winners of such an abrupt shift in relative prices.

根據美國的詳細進口數據,這些國家是預計將受到25%的關稅沖擊的,1300種中國進口產品的最大替代供應國之一,并且也可能由于相對價格的突然轉變,成為最終贏家。

Mexico already ships about $6 billion of flat-screen televisions to the United States, about twice that of China, while Thailand's $3.5 billion in hard disk drive exports to the United States is about four times that of China.Japan, Malaysia and Vietnam are all rivals in the market for printer parts.

墨西哥已經向美國運送了大約價值60億美元的平板電視,大約是中國的兩倍,而泰國對美國出口價值35億美元的硬盤驅動器,這大約是中國的四倍。日本、馬來西亞和越南則都是打印機零部件市場的競爭對手。

Shifts to those and other countries won’t happen overnight. The list of hundreds of goods Trump wants to tax is subject to appeal and could be withdrawn if, as some analysts suspect, the aim is to reach a negotiated settlement with China over broader trade issues.

向這些國家和其他國家的轉移不會在一夜之間發生。特朗普想要征稅的數百件商品名單將會受到申訴,如果像一些分析人士懷疑的那樣,其目的是與中國就更廣泛的貿易問題達成協議,這些提議可能被撤銷。

According to U.S. census data, despite some high-profile items, like televisions, the list seemed tilted toward goods with less Chinese market penetration. However research firm Panjiva noted that in some cases, such as thermostats, China supplies in excess of 40 percent of U.S. imports, with alternatives perhaps less available.

根據美國統計數據,盡管有一些備受矚目的商品,比如電視,但這份征稅名單似乎傾向于那些中國市場滲透率較低的商品。然而,研究公司“Panjiva”指出,有些產品,比如恒溫器,中國提供的占美國總進口份額40%以上,可替代選項可能少一些。




Anonymous
Every republican administration since Reagan has tanked our economy. Trump has done it in record time.
When will people learn.

自里根總統以來,每一個共和黨政府都會給我們的經濟造成問題。特朗普在在這方面則是破了紀錄。
人們什么時候才能吸取教訓。



BiB
President Obama handed tRump a gift when he left (lowest unemployment 4.6 percent and record high DOW 19,750), he is on his way to squander it just like GW Bush did. Senior citizens, if you haven't moved your investments to a stable fund, you might not be able to recover your losses after tRump's meltdown, this is going to be worse than 2008. tRump will blame Obama for this one too...

奧巴馬總統離職時,給特朗普留下一份禮物(失業率為極低的4.6%,道瓊斯指數為破紀錄的19750點),他正在像布什那樣把這些揮霍掉。如果你沒有把你的投資轉移到一個穩健的基金上,在特朗普垮臺后,你可能將無法挽回你的損失,這將比2008年(金融危機)更糟。特朗普肯定也會把這一問題歸咎于奧巴馬。



Adam
Trump's actions will hurt the pocketbook of many Americans. I just hope many of those were the Trump supporters.

特朗普的行為將損害許多美國人的錢袋。我只是希望這些人都是特朗普的支持者。



Howard E
First thing that you need to understand . . .
A trade imbalance is NOT, repeat NOT necessarily a bad thing. I have a large trade deficit with my local supermarket and that's OK. The technical explanations take much longer, but understand that this is something that is NOT controversial among economists. There is no Right/Left thing here. Just a right/wrong thing.

首先,你需要理解....
貿易不平衡不是,真的不一定是壞事。我在當地的超市有很大的貿易逆差,(譯者注:你一直買超市的東西,但是超市卻沒有向你買東西,所以你對超市有“貿易逆差”),這是允許的。技術上的比較復雜,但要明白這在經濟學家中是沒有爭議的。這里沒有左或右的問題。只是一個正確或錯誤的問題。



Phil
This is why I only invest in crypto currency.

這就是我為什么投資加密貨幣的原因



JB
If the US can produce more of what we consume we could be on the verge of a new Golden Era of prosperity and employment for all those that seek it.

如果美國能夠的產出,能夠比我們消費的要多,我們可能就會迎來一個——對于所有苦苦追尋的人來說——繁榮的就業新黃金時代。



Groover
Yes, we tried that. us produced junk and unreliable products... that's why Germans and Asians killed us

是的,我們嘗試過。但我們只制造垃圾和不可靠的產品...這就是為什么德國人和亞洲人打敗了我們



World
I’m a Chinese, I don’t want a trade war with you because it’s benefits us,too. Let me explain this:The 100$ iPhone “make in China” sell to other countries, we only keep 2$for the workers,the rest goes to some Korean or Americans poke,even the factories move back to US,it only move 2$from China worker to US worker,not 100$.but it did even the trade Deficit.and if bean from other country, the billions will move from Americans farmers to other country’s farmers, am I right?

我是中國人,我們不想和你打貿易戰,因為這對我們都有好處。讓我來解釋一下:100美元的iPhone在“中國制造”,然后賣給其他國家,我們的工人只得到2美元,剩下的都進了韓國人或美國人的口袋,即使工廠搬回美國,它只從中國工人那里轉移2美元給美國工人,而不是100美元,但這確實會縮小貿易逆差。可是如果中國進口其他國家的大豆,那么數十億美元將從美國農民轉移到其他國家的農民,我說的對嗎?



Anonymous
We could make everything here but it's not about doing it here as capitalists only want high profit and lowest costs. That's the real problem in this country.

我們可以在美國生產所有東西,但問題不是在哪里生產,因為資本家只想要高利潤和低成本。這才是這個國家真正的問題。



DanS
Exactly! By placing tariffs on imported goods, Made In USA goods become relatively cheaper and the capitalists start allocating their investments to U.S. manufacturing.

的確!通過對進口產品征收關稅,“美國制造”會變得相對便宜,資本家會在美國制造業施加投資



Steve
This is a change of status quo in world trade by the US.

這是美國對世界貿易現狀的改變。



Joseph
That is obvious, but what are you getting at.

這很明顯,但是你們得到的是什么呢?



Eagle
In the end, US gets a bigger trade deficit thanks to the trade war.

最后,多虧了貿易戰,美國得到的只是更大的貿易赤字。



Bill
China has been conducting a trade war against America for decades. Time to admit it and put a stop to it. Let's just see who is more powerful, the Chinese Communist Party or the American citizen. How about we stand up for ourselves. Boycott "made in China" products on April 15th. Pass the word.

幾十年來,中國一直在對美國發動貿易戰。美國是時候承認,并制止這種情況了。讓我們看看誰更強大,中gong或美國公民。我們為自己挺身而出,在4月15號抵制“中國制造”,怎么樣?請奔走相告



Justin
Bill I wonder where your white T-shirt is made from?

我在想,你們的(游行)白襯衫是從哪進口的?



StevenH
Throw everything in your apt made in China for good, then? Hypocricy might be problem here, LOL

那么,把你所有的“中國制造”都扔掉好嗎?你有些虛偽了,哈哈



Reggie
One should go to any port on the west coast and watch those huge container ships come in stacked up 60 feet high on the deck alone, then unload and head back to China or any Asian county empty. Then you get an idea of why we need this.

一個人應該去西海岸的任何一個港口,看著那些巨大的,甲板上堆著60英尺高的貨物的集裝箱船卸貨,然后空船返回中國或者其他亞洲國家。然后你就會知道為什么我們需要這個。



Anonymous
I have been saying other countries are going to benefit from the trade between the US and China. Farmers should be glad for trade war with China. Keep the pressure on Beijing forever. Let Russia help them.

我一直在說,其他國家將從美中貿易中受益。農民應該為與中國的貿易戰感到高興。一直對北京保持高壓。讓俄羅斯幫助他們。



Warren
Breaking News you have heard about.. The U.S. economy grew at a solid 2.9 percent annual rate in the final three months of last year, a sharp upward revision that caps three quarters of the fastest growth in more than a decade. The Trump administration is hoping the economy will accelerate further this year, aided by sizable tax cuts and increased government spending.

一則你之前聽過的突發新聞。在去年最后三個月,美國經濟的年增長率為強勢的2.9%,這是一個大幅的好轉,是過去10年里最快增速的四分之三。特朗普政府希望,通過大規模的減稅和政府支出增加,今年經濟增速進一步增加。

The gross domestic product, the country's total output of goods and services, grew at a faster clip than its previous estimate of 2.5 percent, the Commerce Department reported Wednesday.

美國商務部周三公布的數據顯示,美國的國內生產總值,也就是國內生產的全部商品和服務,增長速度超過了此前估計的2.5%。



Theo the Cat
I totally support this --- BUT QUIT HAMMERING ON NAFTA AND JAPANESE TRADE AS WELL. The reason we have trade deficits with Mexico and Japan is because they have less people and in the case of Mexico, poorer people. Embrace NAFTA and start moving manufacturing there instead of China -- it is even cheaper now to manufacture in Mexico than China and the shipping is less. Oh, and the language is easier, and for you Evangelicals-- they are even Christian.

我完全支持——但不要再抨擊北美自由貿易協定以及美日貿易。我們與墨西哥和日本有貿易逆差的原因是他們的人口較少,而對于墨西哥而言,則是擁有更少的窮人。擁護北美自由貿易協定,開始把制造業轉移到北美,取代中國——現在在墨西哥生產甚至比中國更便宜,而且運費更少。哦,并且交流更簡單,并且他們甚至是基督徒。


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